Bell Pepper is a very easy plant to grow but until you’ve grown them successfully you don’t know how easy it is and that’s because there’s a lot of small things that can go wrong. it’s not a hard plant to grow but, when you do those small little things wrong it can lead to a less than successful pepper harvest.
Steps to grow bell pepper:
- The first thing in this process is to sow the seeds of bell pepper in the seedling tray at least before 3-4 weeks the start of the growing season or buy the sapling of bell pepper from the greenhouse at the start of the growing season.
- The temperature of the soil should be between 55- 65 degrees. This is because bell peppers are tropical plants; they require warmer weather for their growth.
- Along with soil temperature, the amount of sun they get is also important. if they get too hot they start dropping their flowers and dropped flower means dropped fruit, and in the end, you will not get a better harvest. to avoid getting them too hot, place them in a place where they get 5- 6 hours of full sun.
- The next thing is preparing the soil to plant the peppers. soil what you are using to plant the peppers should be of compost blend. a compost blend contains a mixture of sand, a little bit of topsoil, and most of the compost. This mixture will give you a loose, airy, and fluffy mix.
- Space them about one and a half feet apart to avoid any crowding when they grow.
- Maintain the pH of the soil. it should not be too acidic. the pH should be around 6-6.5 for the peppers to grow.
- While planting them, don’t bury them too deep like tomatoes. like tomatoes, peppers don’t have hairs on their stem so, when you bury them too deep into the soil, it will hamper their growth.
- Plant them at the soil level.
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About Pruning of Pepper Plant.
- In the case of peppers; avoid pruning them. Pruning a pepper plant will help lower the center of gravity, so it’ll be less easy to snap. it will start bushing out a lot like tomatoes but you want to make sure you have a long enough growing season because when you eliminate the top growing stem, it takes a while for them to push side shoots and then those side shoots have to grow it as well to fruit.
- Fertilize the pepper plant with all-purpose fertilizers. The amount of nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus should be adequate and evenly balanced to get taller plants with lots of harvests. Too much potassium can prevent the plant from producing any flowers. all the nutrients present in the fertilizer required for the plant should be inadequate quantity
- While watering the peppers; don’t overwater them.
Watering pepper plants the amount of water you give them does not have to be a torrential drenching. they do not need to be that wet all the time. pepper plants are a little more drought tolerant. When you water plants all the time, it can stress the plant out and if you’ve ever seen your leaves curling downwards or up sometimes, it’s caused by something called pepper leaf edema and that is an overwatering of the plant. the cells in the plant leaf will expand and it will cause the leaf to bow downwards and that can stress the plant and cause harm to fruit and flower production. make sure that you let them dry out in between waterings. you do not need to water them all the time and it’s going to lead to a healthier and successful pepper plant.